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Ship types

What are the different types of ships?


There are many different types of vessels used for various purposes on the water, including cargo ships, passenger ships, fishing vessels, and specialty ships. 

  • Cargo ships: These vessels are used to transport goods and merchandise across the ocean. They come in a variety of sizes, with the largest being called ultra-large crude carriers (ULCCs) and can carry over 400,000 metric tons of cargo. In the cargo ships, we can find different cargo vessels: container ships, general cargo ships, tankers, dry bulk carriers, multi-purpose vessels, reefer ships, and roll-on/roll-off vessels
  • Passenger ships: Also known as cruise ships, these vessels are designed to carry large numbers of passengers on leisure trips. They typically include amenities such as swimming pools, spas, and dining options. 
  • Fishing vessels: These ships are used to catch and process fish and other seafood. They come in many different sizes, from small boats used for inshore fishing to large factory ships that can process fish at sea. 
  • Specialty ships: These vessels are designed for specific purposes, such as research, icebreaking, and cable laying. They can include survey ships, which are used to map the ocean floor, and offshore supply vessels, which are used to support oil and gas drilling operations. 
  • Tanker ships: These ships are designed to transport oil, chemicals, and other liquid cargo. They come in a variety of sizes and designs, including crude oil tankers, product tankers, and LNG tankers. 
  • Tug boats: These small and powerful vessels are used to tow or push larger ships, such as cargo ships and tankers, in harbors and on rivers. 
  • Yachts: These are luxury boats that are used for pleasure and recreation. They can be motorized or sail-powered and come in a wide range of sizes. 
  • Ferry: These ships are used to transport people and vehicles across rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water. They can be powered by various means, such as a motor, sail, or cable. 

In conclusion, there are many different types of vessels used on the water, each with its own unique design and purpose. From large cargo ships that transport goods across the ocean, to small fishing boats that catch seafood, these vessels play a critical role in the global economy and transportation system. 


Discover more about all types of ships: