- 1 What are the environmental conflicts ports face?
- 2 1. Port Congestion
- 3 2. Hazardous waste emissions caused by port operations construction
- 4 3. National laws and regulations
- 5 4. Environmental impacts of dredging disposal causing sediment pollution in ports
- 6 5. Tracking the source of water pollution
- 7 What actions can ports take to be greener while gaining a competitive advantage?
- 8 Frequently Asked Questions About: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
What are the environmental conflicts ports face?
Ports, the center of maritime-based business activities and crucial to the economic development of their surrounding area, are a major actor of the shipping industry. In the past only measured by their economic performance, ports are now equally measured by the environmental impact they have on water, air, and ambient noise quality in relation to surrounding communities. Sustainable development practices and an understanding of their ecosystem have an important impact on the economic measure of ports. Ports are now going greener to reduce waste emissions and help the climate, while simultaneously increasing their competitive advantage.
Here are the five major conflicts ports are facing:
- Battling Port Congestion
- Managing hazardous waste emissions from port operations construction.
- Conforming with national port water quality laws and regulations
- Considering the environmental impacts of dredging disposal creating sediment associated with water quality issues
- Tracking sources of pollution to understand how they affect their surrounding ecosystem to make the right activity decisions at the right time
1. Port Congestion
Goods, services, and materials produced from ocean-related economic activities figure a US$2.5 trillion annual value. You can then imagine the amount of increased port activity the maritime industry faces. Not only does an increase in shipping lead to port congestion and extra business costs, but this increases noise and air pollution levels. Residents can complain about this.
2. Hazardous waste emissions caused by port operations construction
With 90 percent of the world’s goods transported by ships, ports must reconstruct to accommodate more ships and reduce port congestion. However, construction produces harmful sediments in port waters, negatively affecting the environment. When doing construction, the percentage of pollutants found in port waters and surrounding air increases.
There are many different factors when doing port construction to be tracked and followed to ensure that issues caused by construction do not halt business activities or cause environmental problems for ports and surrounding areas.
One solution, when doing construction, ports can adopt a green mentality. They can be transparent with the communities around them, and they can halt their projects if required when pollution levels are too high. However, understanding the port ecosystem helps ports decide when to do construction for better sustainability to prevent such actions. Interested in knowing how to track water, air, and noise pollution in ports to make your port more competitive?
3. National laws and regulations
National laws and regulations regarding water quality and environmental protection are specific to your port’s location. For example, a port located in France will have different regulations than a port located in the United States or Canada.
Whenever a port does any sort of operation that could affect environmental factors or water pollution issues, port authorities are obligated to report their assessment of the environmental effects their project has on port water, air, and noise quality to government agencies. If port operations are not amid construction, then technically ports are not required to notify authorities and no measures will be taken.
However, ports transparent about their environmental impact and who try to implement a green supply chain management system are far more supported by the public, attracting more customers and investors. The more aware a port is about its environmental effects on air and water, the more support they have from the port community. Therefore, not only should port operations respect national environmental standards because they are checked by government agencies then reported to surrounding communities, but also because transparency gains community support.
4. Environmental impacts of dredging disposal causing sediment pollution in ports
Dredging, a port activity moving massive amounts of sand for large ships to enter ports, causes water pollution and issues for marine life. (For example, aquaculture, the harvesting of shellfish and aquatic plants to be consumed by people, can become polluted and inedible, causing issues for the ports’ and coastal communities’ ecosystems who rely on aquaculture as a business.)
With a growing shipping industry, dredging is required for growing ports. It is important for ports to know how their dredging activities affect water quality. If ports knew the environmental impacts they are having in real-time, they would better understand how they impact the port ecosystem which in turn allows them to choose the opportune time for dredging.
5. Tracking the source of water pollution
Ports are often blamed for most environmental issues related to water and sediment pollution. Ports, on top of creating pollution themselves, receive water runoff from rivers which contain land activity pollutants. They can thus be blamed for water pollution when their management is not actually responsible. (For example, ports could be blamed for heavy metals and hydrocarbons that were produced by the wastewater of land factories.)
When ports adopt a green supply chain management system, they understand their ecosystem and gain support from port communities. The greener the strategies ports adopt and the more they understand their environment, the less they will be blamed for the pollution of other land and ocean activities. If ports closely track their activities and how they affect the environment and ecosystem, then they can perform them in the right place at the right time, causing less harm.
What actions can ports take to be greener while gaining a competitive advantage?
Green, low-carbon ports are attracting a lot of attention. At Sinay, we encourage ports that going green is not a cost for them, but a competitive advantage. By going green, ports cut their costs and gain community support.
As Ports are central to the maritime industry if they go green other industries will follow. Instead of being portrayed as the cause of water pollution, ports could be seen as leaders for a greener maritime supply chain.
Becoming a greener port can include:
- Tracking water, air, and ambient noise levels to comply with regulations and leave the port community undisrupted
- Measuring water quality when partaking in dredging or port construction
- Being aware land-based pollution affecting their waters
- And, reducing port congestion
By adopting strategies that are more environmentally friendly, ports better understand how they affect the surrounding ecosystem. When ports know the best moment to perform operations with the least harmful effect on the port ecosystem, their projects are unlikely to be halted. This cut costs, saves time, and it is an easy change.
At Sinay, we know about the conflicts ports face, and we are here to help. We help ports be more efficient and increase their competitive advantage, all while adopting a green port strategy. With our Sinay Hub, ports have access to a single platform that shows them current air, water, and noise levels, along with precise estimated time of arrival (ETA) and estimated time of departure (ETD) predictions. The Sinay Hub, our real-time data solution, gives ports a 360-degree view of their maritime activities in one click, as opposed to manually collecting and analyzing data which takes weeks. With Sinay, facing port conflicts while gaining a competitive advantage over other ports has never been easier, or greener!
Frequently Asked Questions About: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
Ports affect the environment because their activities affect air, water, and noise quality. For example, port construction can cause water pollution which is damaging to marine life, ship emissions can be harmful to human and animal health, and noise pollution can disturb the surrounding community.
Ports can affect dissolved oxygen which fish live on, cause turbidity which often contains pollutants, modify the biodiversity of the environment, cause more harmful nitrates, change the pH scale, and affect the water temperature.
Ports are sustainable when they integrate more environmentally friendly practices such as enviornmental monitoring, smart port operations, less fuel usage, etc.
Ports cause pollution because of the activities that they attract; for example, shipping, oil and gas, and industrial activities. However, many ports are adopting strategies to reduce pollution levels.