What are the major wind farm projects in the world?

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major wind farm projects in the world

Wind farms are regarded as a good source of green energy because they require no fuel and have a lower impact on the environment than many alternative forms of power generation. These large collections of turbines are proliferating worldwide.

In 2020, the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) reported a record-breaking addition of 93 gigawatts (GW) of new energy capacity, representing a significant 53% increase. Also known as a wind power station, wind power plant, or wind park, the cost-effective revolution can be generated on a small or large scale, covering an extensive area.

There are two main types of wind farms: onshore, which are placed on land and constitute 93% of installed capacity, and offshore, situated in bodies of water, making up only 7%. Here is a list of the largest wind facilities, covering the amount of power they can generate, the quantity of generators deployed, and future expansion prospects.

Importance of wind energy in the global landscape

Wind energy holds paramount importance on the planet as a clean power source, essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change. Its widespread adoption contributes to security, diversification, and independence, lessening dependence on finite fossil fuel reserves.

A Sustainable alternative

Emerging as a critical component in reshaping the global paradigm, green energy offers an eco-friendly option to traditional fossil fuel-based generating power. As nations confront the urgent imperative to combat climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, wind power emerges as a beacon of hope in the pursuit of cleaner and greener solutions.

Moving towards modern energy will require that low-impact sources make up 60% of production by 2030. Harnessing the option, the solution presents an abundant and green resource that mitigates environmental degradation associated with fossil fuel combustion. Its adoption fosters security, independence, and economic prosperity, particularly in rural and coastal communities where wind farms are prevalent.

Enhancing energy resilience

By diversifying the energy mix and reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels, this option enhances sovereignty and resilience against supply disruptions. Furthermore, decentralized energy systems offer opportunities for communities to become more self-sufficient, economically vibrant, and environmentally sustainable. This represents a transformative force in the worldwide scene, paving the way for a cleaner, ecological future for generations to come.

Promoting local economic development

Aeolian Energy’s decentralization potential enables communities to meet their needs while fostering local economic development. With the establishment of power plants, communities witness job creation, economic growth, and increased revenue streams. Additionally, investments in infrastructure stimulate ancillary industries, such as manufacturing, building, and maintenance services. The development of a local green sector supports innovation and entrepreneurship, driving long-term economic vitality. Statistics report that the number of wind energy-related jobs worldwide was 1.4 million in 2022, reflecting an increase of 2% from the previous year.

Importance of wind energy in the global landscape

Gansu Wind Farm in China

China is a leader in large renewable energy projects, with the world’s biggest solar farm. Unsurprisingly, the country is also home to the greatest farm worldwide, the impressive Gansu Wind Farm. Known as the Jiuquan Wind Power Base, the gigantic plant is situated in Northwest China. The province is reputed for its arid climate and wide open spaces, which provide ideal conditions for sustainable energy.

Size, technology, and growth

The realization, initiated in February 2005, aims to achieve 200GW of capacity, but currently, it only has 8,000 megawatts. The first phase, with 5.16GW and 3,500 turbines, was completed in November 2010. The initiative will involve installing 7,000 turbines in the province, spanning regions such as Jiuquan, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Xinjiang, Jiangsu, and Shandong provinces.

Impact of this revolution

The land constructed a 750kV high-voltage direct current transmission line. This delivers electricity generated by local wind and solar schemes to the developing central and eastern parts of the state. The Gansu Farm plays a crucial role in China’s efforts to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and combat air pollution. By harnessing this innovation, the station helps to offset carbon emissions and mitigate the environmental impact of traditional sources.

Markbygden Wind Farm in Sweden

As the Swedish Parliament adopted a new target for production to produce 30 TWh from windmills, the country is leading the way in using this solution. The original plan was established by the reputed Energy Group Svevind and Enercon. The scheme would cost US$6.9 billion, cover approximately 450 square kilometers, featuring up to 1,101 generators, and have the potential to produce over 12 TWh/year of electricity.


Located in the Markbygden area west of Piteå, Norrbotten County in northern Sweden, it is the biggest single farm in Europe. The program is a key part of Sweden’s goal to achieve 100% eco-friendly energy by 2040, a goal the state is on track to accomplish.

Dimension and strength

The series of interconnected stations is expected to be completed by 2025 and could have up to 4,000 megawatts (MW), comprising up to 1,101 turbines. Markbygden spans around 173 square miles, which is larger than Stockholm city’s entire territory.

Muppandal Wind Farm in India

India has achieved remarkable progress in embracing clean energy sources over the past decade, now holding the world’s fourth-highest potential for clean electricity, with 163 GW as of 2022. The Muppandal Park is found in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, which is known for its favorable conditions. The region experiences strong and consistent winds, making it an ideal place for energy generation.


The Muppandal plant is India’s second-greatest site, producing 1.5 GW. It features multiple turbines, differing in size and output. Situated in Tamil Nadu, Muppandal maximizes its potential by harnessing the strong winds funneled from the neighboring Western Ghats mountain range.

Extent and ability

The farm began with only a few turbines but has since expanded considerably. Its development traces back to the early 1980s when the Indian government introduced policies to encourage sustainable energy, including wind power. The oldest generators have been operational since 1986, totaling nearly 38 years of service. As the territory’s biggest operational onshore station and the third greatest, it has a capacity of 1,500 MW.

Alta Wind Energy Center in the United States

The US boasts an impressive regenerative energy portfolio, encompassing various sources such as wind, solar, hydroelectric, and geothermal power. With vast expanses of land and abundant natural resources, the state has harnessed these alternative sources to diversify its energy mix. One of the biggest projects on earth is the Alta Energy Center, which was originally developed by Oak Creek Energy Systems in 2010.

Innovation with this wind energy center

Also called Mojave Wind Farm, the scheme is positioned in Tehachapi Pass of the Tehachapi Mountains, in Kern County, California. Despite its hefty construction cost of $3 billion, the farm’s objective is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 5.2 million tonnes per year.

Dimension and efficiency

At 1.55 GW, the Center ranks third among the notable onshore installations. The program’s 600 rotating machineries, provided by GE Renewable Energy are responsible for this transformation. Plans anticipate Alta expanding its installed aptitude to over 3 GW within the next decade.

Hornsea Wind Farm in the United Kingdom

The UK stands out as a leader in offshore sites, with seven of the top ten greatest installations found within its territory. With its lengthy coastline, shallow seas, and strong winds, the sovereign state provides an exceptionally conducive environment for offshore wind power, establishing it as one of Europe’s prime destinations for energy and a leader in the field.


The impressive offshore park has a combined capacity of 2.6 GW and supplies over two million UK homes. Hornsea consists of two plans and uses some of the most advanced technologies available to generate considerable amounts of clean electricity, with an average rotor power output of 8 MW.

The UK energy growth

The system initiated power activities in 2014, marking just the outset of its journey. Two more phases, Hornsea Three and Four, will make the capacity about 6 GW, enough to energize 4.5 million homes. By 2023, the UK had amassed over 11 thousand turbines, contributing to a cumulative installed efficiency of 30 gigawatts, with 15 GW each from onshore and offshore installations. This positioned the UK as the sixth biggest in the world.

Forsen Vind in Norway

While Norway is renowned for its gas and oil resources, the nation is directing substantial profits from fossil fuels toward renewable green initiatives, with stations at the forefront. One of Europe’s largest projects is Fosen Vind in Central Norway, which began in 2016 and was completed in 2020.

The transition towards clean energy

Traversing the Fosen peninsula, Hitra, and Snillfjord, the fields are strategically located within Trøndelag county in central Norway. With its prime coastal location, the area offers some of Europe’s most favorable conditions for power generation. Upon completion, the six wind farms will generate a total of 3.6 TWh of restorable energy annually, exceeding Norway’s current capacity.

Location and impact

The sizable investment by a significant margin is the Forsen Vind farm, located in central Norway, with a combined capability of 1,057 MW. Since the program came into operation, Norway has experienced a twofold increase in its power generation capacity. Driven by 278 turbines, the park produces 1.05 GW of eco-friendly electricity yearly, amounting to 3,400 gigawatt hours (GWh), sufficient to meet the needs of close to 800,000 homes nationwide.

importance of wind energy for sustainable future

Jaisalmer Wind Park in India

The Jaisalmer Wind Park represents the commitment to expanding its reusable energy capacity and transitioning towards a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future. Situated amidst the arid expanse of the Jaisalmer district in Rajasthan, the project now uses advanced turbines that can generate more electricity.

Strength and productivity

The Jaisalmer Wind Park boasts a capacity of 1,600MW, making it India’s largest farm and one of the world’s most extensive. The park features a range of turbines, from its original 350 kW model to the latest S9X 2.1 MW series.

Regenerative energy production

The primary purpose of the Jaisalmer Wind Park is to harness energy through towering structures with large blades, capturing the kinetic energy of the wind and converting it into electricity. The region’s natural characteristics make it an ideal site for power facilities, resulting in the current hosting of 5.1 GW of installed capacity.

Wind farms in France

Wind farms in France are represented through various calls for tenders in the market. There are AO 1 and 2 for the Dieppe le Tréport, Fécamp, Courseulles-sur-Mer, Saint-Brieuc, Saint-Nazaire, and Yeu-Normoutier parks. AO 3 is for the Dunkirk park. AO 4 and 8 are for the Center Manche 1 and 2 parks. AO 5 is for floating wind energy in Southern Brittany. AO 6 is for floating wind farms in the Mediterranean. AO 7 is for South Atlantic Park, and finally, the pilot floating wind energy is for Gruissan, Leucate, and Faraman.

The Power of Offshore Wind Energy in France

In France, each installed or under-construction wind farm has varying maximum power capacities and different numbers of turbines. Here’s an overview of each park:

  • Fécamp: Stemming from the first tender launched in 2011, this park has a total capacity of 497 MW with 71 turbines spread over an area of 60 km2.
  • Courseulles-sur-Mer: Also from the first tender in 2011, this park has a total capacity of 448 MW with 64 turbines covering 50 km2. Expected to be operational by 2025.
  • Saint-Nazaire: Arising from the first tender in 2011, this park has a total capacity of 480 MW with 80 turbines spanning 78 km2.
  • Saint-Brieuc: Resulting from the first tender in 2011, this park has a total capacity of 496 MW with 62 turbines encompassing 75 km2.
  • Dieppe Le Tréport: From the second tender launched in 2013, this park has a total capacity of 496 MW with 62 turbines spread across an area of 83 km2. Expected to be operational by 2026.
  • Iles d’Yeu and Noirmoutier: Also from the second tender in 2013, this park has a total capacity of 496 MW with 62 turbines covering an area of 83 km2. Expected to be operational by 2025.
  • Dunkerque: Arising from the third tender launched in 2016, this park will have a total capacity of 600 MW with 46 turbines covering an area of 50 km2. Expected to be operational by 2028.
  • Center-Manche 1: Resulting from the fourth tender launched in 2020, this park plans for a total capacity of 1 GW with 47 turbines covering 183 km2. Expected to be operational by 2031.
  • Center-Manche 2: From the eighth tender launched in 2022, this park anticipates a total capacity of 1.5 GW covering an area of 270 km2. Expected to be operational by 2032.
  • Gruissan Pilot Farm: Stemming from a project tender launched in 2015, this farm plans for a total capacity of 30 MW with 3 turbines covering 8.15 km2. Expected to be operational by 2024.
  • Faraman Pilot Farm: Also from a project tender launched in 2015, this farm plans for a total capacity of 24 MW with 3 turbines covering 0.78 km2.
  • Leucate Pilot Farm: From a project tender launched in 2015, this farm plans for a total capacity of 30 MW with 3 turbines covering 6.17 km2. Expected to be operational by 2024.

Sinay on the windfarms projects

Sinay is involved at various levels for all these wind farms: For acoustic monitoring: at the Fécamp, Center Manche 1 and 2, and Southern Brittany parks. For water quality monitoring: at the Center Manche 1 and 2 parks. For fisheries monitoring: at the Dunkirk, Center Manche 1 and 2, and Saint-Nazaire parks. For megafauna monitoring: at the Dieppe le Tréport, Center Manche 1 and 2, and Courseulles-sur-Mer parks.

Conclusion: a path to a sustainable future

As the world embraces retrieved energy alternatives, such as wind power, their significance grows exponentially. These remedies, harnessing the gust energy, represent a remarkable step towards reducing reliance on fossil fuels and mitigating the impacts of climate change. The growth of aeolian energy infrastructure worldwide underscores the transformative potential of this clean resource.

The transition towards long-lasting sources is driving countries to invest in constructing large-scale wind farms, offering ample clean energy production while preserving air quality. Not only do they present cost advantages over new coal and gas power plants, but they also play a crucial role in protecting the environment.

Frequently Asked Questions About Offshore Wind Farms

The largest wind farm projects include the Gansu Wind Farm in China, the Markbygden Wind Farm in Sweden, the Muppandal Wind Farm in India, the Alta Wind Energy Center in the United States, Hornsea Wind Farm in the United Kingdom, Forsen Vind in Norway, and Jaisalmer Wind Park in India.

Wind energy plays a vital role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, combating climate change, and diversifying energy sources. Its widespread adoption contributes to energy security, independence, and economic prosperity, particularly in rural and coastal communities.

Offshore wind farms, such as Hornsea Wind Farm in the UK, represent a significant advancement in clean energy infrastructure. They utilize advanced technologies to generate substantial amounts of clean electricity, contributing to the reduction of carbon emissions and meeting the energy needs of millions of households.

Wind farm projects stimulate local economic development by creating job opportunities, fostering economic growth, and increasing revenue streams. Investments in infrastructure and ancillary industries further support innovation, entrepreneurship, and long-term economic vitality within communities.

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